Impact of non-native tree species in Europe on soil properties and biodiversity: a review

Wohlgemuth, Thomas and Gossner, Martin M. and Campagnaro, Thomas and Marchante, Hélia and van Loo, Marcela and Keserű, Zsolt (2022) Impact of non-native tree species in Europe on soil properties and biodiversity: a review. NEOBIOTA, 78. pp. 45-69. ISSN 1619-0033

[thumbnail of Impact-of-nonnative-tree-species-in-Europe-on-soil-properties-and-biodiversity-a-reviewNeoBiota.pdf] Text

Download (1MB)
Official URL:


In the context of global change, the integration of non-native tree (NNT) species into European forestry is increasingly being discussed. The ecological consequences of increasing use or spread of NNTs in European forests are highly uncertain, as the scientific evidence is either constraint to results from case studies with limited spatial extent, or concerns global assessments that lack focus on European NNTs. For either case, generalisations on European NNTs are challenging to draw. Here we compile data on the impacts of seven important NNTs ( Acacia dealbata , Ailanthus altissima , Eucalyptus globulus , Prunus serotina , Pseudotsuga menziesii , Quercus rubra , Robinia pseudoacacia ) on physical and chemical soil properties and diversity attributes in Europe, and summarise commonalities and differences. From a total of 103 publications considered, studies on diversity attributes were overall more frequent than studies on soil properties. The effects on soil properties varied greatly among tree species and depended on the respective soil property. Overall, increasing (45%) and decreasing (45%) impacts on soil occurred with similar frequency. In contrast, decreasing impacts on biodiversity were much more frequent (66%) than increasing ones (24%). Species phylogenetically distant from European tree species, such as Acacia dealbata , Eucalyptus globulus and Ailanthus altissima , showed the strongest decreasing impacts on biodiversity. Our results suggest that forest managers should be cautious in using NNTs, as a majority of NNT stands host fewer species when compared with native tree species or ecosystems, likely reflected in changes in biotic interactions and ecosystem functions. The high variability of impacts suggests that individual NNTs should be assessed separately, but NNTs that lack European relatives should be used with particular caution.

Tudományterület / tudományág

agricultural sciences > forestry and wildlife management


Not relevant


Soproni Egyetem

Item Type: Article
SWORD Depositor: Teszt Sword
Depositing User: Csaba Horváth
Identification Number: MTMT:33260480
Date Deposited: 10 Feb 2023 13:58
Last Modified: 10 Feb 2023 13:58

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year