Can Gap-Cutting Help to Preserve Forest Spider Communities?

Samu, Ferenc and Elek, Zoltán and Růžičková, Jana and Botos, Erika and Kovács, Bence and Ódor, Péter (2023) Can Gap-Cutting Help to Preserve Forest Spider Communities? DIVERSITY (BASEL), 15 (2). ISSN 1424-2818

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Continuous cover forestry maintains many characteristics of uneven-aged natural forests and aims to preserve biodiversity. Gap-cutting is a management option that may create a balance between timber production and continuous forest cover. We investigated the effect of newly created gaps on ground-dwelling spider assemblages in a managed oak forest, in the Pilis Mts., Hungary. Between 2018–2021 we sampled newly created elongated and circular-shaped gaps of two different sizes in a six-times replicated randomised complete block design. Pitfall samples of ~4600 spiders indicated that spider species richness was moderately higher in the gaps than in control stands. Spider assemblages did not respond in a specific way to the different gap implementations, but their variation in species composition was considerably higher in gaps than in the control plots. The excess spider abundance and species number in gaps, as compared to control, increased over the observation period, as did the dissimilarity of gap assemblages to control. Species responses imply that gaps create a variation in microhabitats and microclimatic conditions, resulting in spiders’ diversification. The overall effect of gaps on spider assemblages suggests that gap-cutting is a suitable management option that preserves forest spider assemblages.

Tudományterület / tudományág

agricultural sciences > forestry and wildlife management


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Soproni Egyetem

Item Type: Article
SWORD Depositor: Teszt Sword
Depositing User: Csaba Horváth
Identification Number: MTMT:33638758
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2023 06:23
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2023 06:23

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