Assessment of In Situ Compactness and Air Void Content of New Asphalt Layers Using Ground-Penetrating Radar Measurements

Primusz, Péter and Abdelsamei, Enas and Ali, Ahmed M. and Sipos, György and Fi, István and Herceg, András and Tóth, Csaba (2024) Assessment of In Situ Compactness and Air Void Content of New Asphalt Layers Using Ground-Penetrating Radar Measurements. APPLIED SCIENCES-BASEL, 14 (2). ISSN 2076-3417

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This paper deals with the possibilities of ground-penetrating radar (GPR)-based quality control testing, which was demonstrated on an experimental road section of a ~220–240 m long Hungarian residential street. The measurements and their assessment aimed to control the prescribed compactness and air void content of newly built asphalt layers. Research has discussed the relationship between the air void content and the dielectric constant of asphalt layers, and provided empirical results for this relationship. We suggest a new logistic model with lower and upper asymptotes instead of the exponential formula often used in the literature. Contrary to this newly developed robust model, existing models are sensitive to extreme dielectric constant values due to the mathematical nature of their exponential function. The results of the new logistic model are compared to those of the Hoegh–Dai (HD) and Minnesota Department of Transportation (MnDOT) models on the basis of a few calibration data points. Through systematic data collection and analysis, the developed robust empirical model demonstrates a significant correlation between the relative permittivity and air void content in asphalt mixes, enabling accurate estimation of the air void content within a ±0.5% margin of error. The air void content can be applied to estimate the asphalt layer modulus. The developed model can be further exploited by utilizing a combination of GPR and drone technology. The “symbiosis” of these technologies can lead to a totally non-destructive imaging system, which can then be applied to environmental monitoring of roads and their surroundings in terms of quality control of asphalt compaction work and the hot asphalt mix behind the compaction roller during pavement construction.

Tudományterület / tudományág

engineering and technology > material sciences and technologies
engineering and technology > civil engineering


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Soproni Egyetem

Item Type: Article
SWORD Depositor: Teszt Sword
Depositing User: Csaba Horváth
Identification Number: MTMT:34498940
Date Deposited: 26 Feb 2024 10:12
Last Modified: 26 Feb 2024 10:12

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