Supposed Effects of Wetland Restoration on Hydrological Conditions and the Provisioning Ecosystem Services—A Model-Based Case Study at a Hungarian Lowland Catchment

Kozma, Zsolt and Decsi, Bence and Ács, Tamás and Kardos, Máté Krisztián and Hidy, D. and Árvai, Mátyás and Kalicz, Péter and Kern, Zoltán and Pinke, Zsolt László (2023) Supposed Effects of Wetland Restoration on Hydrological Conditions and the Provisioning Ecosystem Services—A Model-Based Case Study at a Hungarian Lowland Catchment. SUSTAINABILITY, 15 (15). ISSN 2071-1050

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Climate change and water scarcity increase the vulnerability of crop production and other ecosystem services (ES) in flood-protected lowlands under a continental climate. Restoration of wetlands leads to a higher water-buffering capacity of the landscape, strengthening various ecosystem services, and fostering adaptation to climatic, ecological, and agricultural challenges. Such restoration efforts require extensive land-use change, leading to trade-offs in provisioning and regulating ES. However, knowledge is limited about these situations, especially in the case of lowland areas. Here, we introduce a hydrological analysis in a 243 km2 flood-protected catchment in the Great Hungarian Plain, mapping the potential hydrological effects of water-retention scenarios on groundwater levels. We point out how the simulated groundwater levels will be used for estimating the changes in crop yields and tree growth (provisioning services). The introduced hydrological analysis and preliminary results for crop-yield estimates suggest a significant and scalable capacity for a nature-based hydrological adaptation: the extent of inundated areas could be increased stepwise and water retention could locally compensate dry periods due to the buffering effect of inundated meanders.

Tudományterület / tudományág

natural sciences > biological sciences
natural sciences > environmental science


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Soproni Egyetem

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Department of Sanitary and Environmental Engineering, Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Műegyetem rkp. 3, Budapest, H-1111, Hungary MTA-MATE Agroecology Research Group, Department of Plant Physiology and Plant Ecology, Hungarian University for Agriculture and Life Sciences, Gödöllő, H-2100, Hungary Institute for Soil Sciences, Centre for Agricultural Research, Herman Ottó út 15, Budapest, H-1022, Hungary Faculty of Forestry, Institute of Geomatics and Civil Engineering, University of Sopron, Sopron, H-9400, Hungary Institute for Geological and Geochemical Research, Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, Budapest, H-1112, Hungary Research Centre for Astronomy and Earth Sciences, MTA Centre of Excellence, Konkoly Thege Miklós út 15-17, Budapest, H-1121, Hungary Department of Physical Geography, Eötvös Loránd University, Pázmány Péter Sétány 1/C, Budapest, H-1117, Hungary Export Date: 24 August 2023 Correspondence Address: Kozma, Z.; Department of Sanitary and Environmental Engineering, Műegyetem rkp. 3, Hungary; email:
SWORD Depositor: Teszt Sword
Depositing User: Csaba Horváth
Identification Number: MTMT:34083077
Date Deposited: 31 Aug 2023 08:32
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2023 08:32

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